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In brief

Nuclear Monitor Issue: 

City of Cape Town rejects findings of the final Environmental Impact Report for the PBMR.

(April 11, 2003) The City of Cape Town does not support the findings of the final Environmental Impact Report for the proposed Pebble Bed Modular Reactor which Eskom wants to build on the site of the Koeberg Nuclear Power Station near Melkbosstrand. "The City has raised its concerns about the proposed demonstration project at Koeberg for the past two years and these have still not been adequately addresses", said Danile Landingwe, Executive Councilor for Planning and the Environment. The City of Cape Town has previously criticized the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedure on a number of occasions. According to Landingwe the EIA continue to ignore the issues raised. These issues included the storage of high level nuclear waste at Koeberg, adding to the growing stockpiles of nuclear waste already accumulated from the existing nuclear plant which was built in the 1980s. "During the life span of the proposed PBMR, nearly 800 tons of high level nuclear waste will be produced and stored at Koeberg. The EIA has not addressed this issue and we must take action to protect the health of residents from the long term risks and impacts on the environment", Landingwe said. "The City is being asked to accept even more nuclear waste for at least the next 80 years, or until a final repository is found. This is simply unacceptable". Communications City of Cape Town, 19 March 2003


69% EU citizens in support of renewable energies.

(April 11, 2003) An international survey conducted by the European Commission shows that renewable energy is a top priority for European citizens, according to the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA). "The powerful public support for renewable energy over fossil fuels and nuclear power should form an important basis in the shaping of future European energy policies", EWEA Policy Director Christian Kjaer said. The Eurobarometer survey was presented in March of this year in Brussels by European Commissioner Philippe Busquin. 69% of the EU citizens support more renewable energy-related research compared to 13% for gas, 10% for nuclear fission, 6% for oil and 5% for coal. Furthermore 75% answered that the use of fossil fuels contributes significantly to global warming and climate change. The EWEA is the world's largest renewable energy association. European Commission ( &, March 2003


Seven new reactors on line in 2002.

(April 11, 2003) Last year seven new reactors were connected to their grids. In China: Qinshan-2 (610 MW PWR), Qinshan-4 (665 MW PHWR) and Ling Ao-1 & 2 (935 MW PWRs). In South Korea: Yonggwang 5 & 6 (950 MW PWRs) and in the Czech Republic: Temelin-2 (912 MW PWR), total 5957 MW. Four units were shut down: Bulgaria's Kozloduy 1 & 2 and UK's Bradwell 1 & 2, total 1056 MW capacity. World Nuclear Association weekly digest, 28 March 2003


Fugen reactor - Japan - shutdown.

(April 11, 2003) The 148 MW Fugen advanced thermal reactor at Tsugura (Fukui Prefecture, Japan), which went into operation in 1979, was shutdown definitive on 30 March. The decision to decommission was not taken easily. City officials were especially concerned about the economic fallout of closure. During its lifespan, the reactor consumed 772 plutonium-uranium mixed oxide (MOX) fuel rods. During the first 10 years after it goes off-line, the spent fuel rods will be transported to a reprocessing facility in Tokaimura, Ibaraki Prefecture. Dismantling will take 40 years and cost US$ 830 million. World Nuclear Association news briefing, 26 March/1 April 2003; The Asahi Shimbun, 29 March 2003

Oldest nuclear power plant, Calder Hall - U.K., shutdown.

(April 11, 2003) The world's oldest industrial scale nuclear power station, Calder Hall, was shutdown on 31 March because of weak UK power prices. Sate-owned nuclear power firm BNFL said in a statement that continued operation would be uneconomic. Calder Hall was originally scheduled for closure in 2006. It opened in 1956. World Nuclear Association news briefing, 19-25 March 2003; Reuters, 31 March 2003

Wild turkey causes scare at Seabrook NPP.

(April 11, 2003) Officials at the U.S. Seabrook NPP locked down on 26 March the plant's area and called on the FBI after a "potential intruder" appeared on an electronic monitoring device on the plant grounds. A member of the security told the FBI he saw "a large bird (probably a wild turkey) with approximately a four-foot wing span fly across the road in front of him" while he was patrolling outside the protected area in his vehicle. Reuters, 26 March 2003

Anti-atom hunger strike in Austria.

(April 11, 2003) Austrian anti-atom activists are on a serious hunger strike between 4 and 16 April. The activists want to achieve a change of the Euratom-treaty including the highest safety standards for nuclear power plants in West- and Eastern Europe. Furthermore they want safety measures for the Temelin nuclear power plants just across the border of the Czech Republic, as agreed upon between Austria and the Czech Republic and been looked at upon by the European Court of Justice. France and the United Kingdom had expressed themselves against these measures, because of possible consequences for their own reactors.


Spent fuel from Dutch Dodewaard reactor to Sellafield.

(April 11, 2003) The last spent fuel from the closed 55 MW Dodewaard NPP was transported on 9 April to Sellafield. Six fuel rods were transported to the Dutch harbor of Flusingh, heavily guarded by lots of police on the road. The reactor went critical in June 1968 and was shutdown in March 1997. Now the spent fuel has been removed, most entrances of the reactor building will be walled up with concrete. The reactor building and the radioactive contents will be demolished after 40 years. ANP (NL), 9 April 2003


Wanted: information on 1972 Dai Dong conference

(April 11, 2003) The Laka Foundation (a research and documentation center on nuclear energy) is looking for any information on the following. In early June 1972 the first UN conference on the issue of the 'human environment' took place in Stockholm, Sweden. There were 3 'counter-conferences': 'The Environment Forum', 'The Peoples Forum' and a 'Dai Dong' conference. Dai Dong described itself as a 'transitional peace effort linking war and the environment' and was a group of (mainly) scientists working within the 'Fellowship of Reconciliation' (which still exists. Dai Dong ceased to exists in 1975 ). The war at that time was Viet Nam and one of the issues on that conference was nuclear power.
We are very interested in any information on the discussions, outcome, participants and (national-) outreach in relation with (the struggle against) nuclear power of the 1972 (or any other) Dai Dong conference. Any help is appreciated: email: Dirk Bannink at or through the WISE Amsterdam postal address.